Government Databases in Science & Technology

GPO Access

NOTE: These are links to only a selected number of government databases in science and technology that are available on the Web. The only databases included are those which are considered substantial research sources; almost all have some kind of search capability unless otherwise noted. Consult links on the Government Information Home Page for additional sources of electronic government information.

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AGRICOLA (National Library of Agriculture). Bibliographic database of citations to books and journal articles in various agricultural fields.

Agriculture Dept. Economics, Statistics, and Market Information System (at Cornell). Links to reports and datasets on agricultural topics, including trade, produced by the Economic Research Service, the National Agricultural Statistics Service, and the World Agricultural Outlook Board.

Biomass Document Database. A searchable database which indexes research produced through the Biofuels Technology Program since 1980, plus more recent documents dealing with the entire Biomass Program. Public domain items are being made available in PDF format; copyrighted material is given by citation only.

Cold Regions Bibliography. Jointly operated by the Library of Congress and the Army's Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory (CRREL), the database contains over 200,000 records. It looks like you need a password to use it, but scroll down; you are given a generic username and password to use the database.

Computer Incidence Advisory Capability. The Energy Dept. operates this site, which contains a database of bulletins and other information and resources dealing with computer security.

Contrails. This archive, maintained by the Illinois Institute of Technology Galvin Library, aims to preserve and disseminate the technical history of the first century of powered human flight. It includes government published resources relating to its mission, including technical reports from the Wright Air Development Center—an important center for aeronautical research in the pre-NASA era—and its successor agencies.

CRS Reports. These research reports by the staff of the Congressional Research Service cover all subject areas and are excellent overviews. Unfortunately there is not an official government site which offers access to the entire collection. But there are several different institutions and individuals who are working to make these valuable resources available:

DefenseLINK. Dept. of Defense home page offers a way to search many different defense-related sites for data, publications and links.

Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. This online version of a printed reference (v.1-8 are in the documents stacks at D 207.10: ) is currently hosted by Haze Gray and Underway, a collaborative naval history site. Information given for each ship usually includes physical description, service record, and de-commissioning information.

DOE Information Bridge. This database contain material back to 1995, with some older items. It is a major source of energy-related research reports. The database contains the full-text of reports generated by Energy Department-sponsored research, both within DOE and in the larger academic and industrial communities.

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ECOLEX. This site, a cooperative venture of the UN and the World Conservation Union, offers searching of seven different databases dealing with environmental law and management. Databases can be searched by subject, jurisdiction and date, as well as other categories.

Energy Citations Database. A database of bibliographic records from 1948 to the present, for all documents produced by the Dept. of Energy and its precursor agencies. Entries include abstracts, links to electronic versions (when available) and contact information.

Energy Information Administration. Statistical and narrative information on all aspects of energy production and consumption, both in the U.S. and abroad.

Environmental Contaminants Encyclopedia. Searchable information on over 100 substances. Individual substance listings are in PDF format.

EPA Publications Search. This homepage for EPA documents allows a search by report number or title keywords across the "publications" pages of many different EPA sub-sites.

Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). This database of information on automobile crashes is maintained by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. In addition to the FARS database, which contains information on all road and highway crashes, there is access on the page to a report library of research on highway and automobile safety.

Federal R&D Project Summaries. This portal, operated by the Dept. of Energy and the Government Printing Office, allows searches of research project summaries and grant awards for work funded by the National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation and the Dept. of Energy.

Fossil Energy. This site includes a search engine for a database of technical reports on fossil fuels, but also a great deal more, with links to statistics, analysis of policy issues, regulatory information and news events. This interactive site aims to consolidate access to maps, data and other geospatial information. The "Data Categories" links lead to major metadata sources in the areas, as well as links to related data at various geographical levels.

Board on Geographic Names (Geographic Names Information System) (at the U.S. Geological Survey). Database of physical and cultural features in the U.S. that gives latitude, longitude and other location information.

International Nuclear Safety Center. Operated by the Argonne National Lab, this site offers information on materials, nuclear plants, risk analysis and other safety-related topics.

Law Library Microform Consortium. The Blume Library has made access to this extensive collection of government records, most of which are agencies reports and decisions, available through our Online Catalog. For more information, see the LLMC web site, linked above.

NASA Image eXchange (NIX). Search or browse databases containing more than 450,000 images of NASA activities and of space objects. Links are provided to millions of other images elsewhere on the web. Searches return thumbnails which can be enlarged; descriptive information on the image subject is included.

National Earthquake Information Center. This subsidiary site of the U.S. Geological Survey has a database of information on current and historical earthquakes, as well as general information on the phenomenon.

National Environmental Data Index. This index provides full-text searching and retrieval of environmental information from several U.S. agencies. Information covered includes datasets, text documents and websites.

National Service Center for Environmental Publications (NSCEP) . EPA Database of technical and non-technical publications that can be searched, viewed and printed online.

National Exposure Research Laboratory Databases. Information resulting from the Lab's mission of research into the extent and nature of exposure of humans and ecosystems to environmental pollutants and other stressors. Several databases are available through this portal, including the Human Exposure Database System and the Water Resources Database.

National Hurricane Center. Information on current and historical storms.

National Museum of Natural History: Databases. The collections covered by these databases include various plant and animal categories; there is also information about museum management. Mammal Species of the World, one of the major databases at the site, provides taxonomic information on over 4,000 species and may be searched by scientific or common names.

National Renewable Energy Laboratory Publications. This database of bibliographic citations for technical reports contains material back to 1977. Some citations have links to full-text electronic versions.

National Technical Information Service. This link is to a search page that allows searching of all NTIS databases, which contain bibliographic information on reports, standards and other publications that can be ordered from NTIS.

National Weather Service, Austin/San Antonio office. Alamo Forecasts, alerts, educational materials and historical information (e.g., record snowfalls) for our area. There are similar homepages for offices all over the country; you can work your way to the individual offices by starting at the Weather Service's NWS Offices and Centers index page.

National Wetlands Inventory. This project of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service provides a database of articles as well as extensive geographical data for viewing and downloading.

Online Digital Special Collections (Dept. of Transportation). The DOT has made available several historical collections of research and reports. Some of the titles: Civil Air Regulations, Superceded Circulars, Historical Aircraft Accidents Reports, Current and Historical DOT Orders, etc.

Patents Database. Searchable database of patents issued from January 1, 1976 to the present (most current weekly update). Information included: Summary, Claims, Description, and References. Images are currently not available, but are expected soon.

PDS (Planetary Data System). Collections of images of the planets and a catalog of technical planetary data, some of which can be accessed online (some must be ordered). One important component of the system is the Planetary Photojournal, which maintains and distributes the archives of planetary image data acquired from NASA's flight projects.

Riverwatch. The National Weather Service provides this database of current information and near-term predictions for river conditions throughout the entire Mississippi basin, including the Missouri and Ohio drainages.

Science Accelerator. This search service, operated by the Energy Department's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) covers several sub-databases of DOE reports, including project summaries, conference proceedings, energy citations, etc. Not all papers retrieved are freely available online, but the citations can help with interlibrary loan borrowing.

Smithsonian Institution Research Information System (SIRIS). Search 5 Smithsonian databases including the Library, catalogs of paintings and sculpture, archival material, sound recordings, films and photographs.

Storm Events Database. This interactive site at the National Climatic Data Center allows searching for events in a particular state or county back to 1993. Earlier data (back to the 1950's) is available for tornadoes, thunderstorm winds, and hail.

TranStats: the Intermodal Transportation Database. This "meta-database" offers an index which searches over 100 different databases of transportation statistics. You can search by transportation mode, subject or agency.

UNData. A portal providing access to various UN databases, totalling over 50 million records.

USGS Publications Warehouse. A searchable database of references to over 70,000 reports (some with content available online). The database includes citations for USGS numbered series back to 1880.

Virtual Observatory DataScope. Gateway for astronomers searching for stellar information from multiple catalogs of astronomical objects. Entering simple names of objects is not possible; you need to enter stellar positions or astronomical target names. The National Weather Service provides this site, where you can find an incredible amount of current weather information about the U.S., plus some data on international cities. Also includes current severe weather alerts.

WorldWideScience. This portal, supported by the Energy Department's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), is a handy collection of links to scientific and technical databases in several countries.

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