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Public Policy Matrix

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What's the problem?What's the solution?
LEGISLATIVE SOLUTION
Legislative ProcessInfluences on Legislators
EXECUTIVE BRANCH SOLUTION
Executive Branch OptionsInfluences on Executive Branch
MONITORING THE RESULT

NOTE: sources marked with an asterisk (*) are available to St. Mary's community members only.

Primary Question Secondary Question Types of Sources Starters
What's The Problem? Journal Articles
Newspaper Articles

Individual newspapers directly (free registration may be required):

Television ABC, CBS, CNN, NBCNews, C-Span, Fox News
Books Library Catalog
Research Reports/Background
Statistics Government Statistics Sources
Executive Agency Reports Federal Agency Directory
Court Decisions
Personal Experience Reflection and Interviews
What Are the Solutions? Research Reports/Background
Journal/Newspaper Articles see list of links at top of the matrix
Congressional Hearings
Federal and State Bills

Guide to Law Online
Federal: THOMAS
States:State Govt. Info Index
Texas: Texas Legislature Online

Federal and State Proposed Regulations






Legislative Solution









Legislative Process























Legislative Process
1. Bill Introduced into House or Senate

Types of bills:

H.R./S. or S.J.Res./H.J.Res can become law;
H.Res./S.Res. are procedural;
H.Con.Res/S.Con.Res express opinion

THOMAS

About Congressional Bills explains types and abbreviations

govtrack.us

2. Committee Referral Name of Committee THOMAS (by bill number)
Committee Members
Calendars
Committee Prints

Some are available on:

CRS Reports Most comprehensive collection is at Univ. of North Texas; many are also in our Library Catalog
Committee Hearings
Committee Reports FDSys and Library Catalog
3. Floor Action Calendar
Debate
Roll Call Votes
4. Procedure Repeated in Second Chamber IF bill goes from one chamber to another Bill keeps original number in both houses. Procedures and sources are repeated as above; if passed, goes to President
IF bills introduced in both houses Bills traced separately as above; one bill substituted for another under Floor Action; if passed, goes to President
IF disagreement in versions of bill Conference committee called; no hearings; committee markup/vote/report; continues with Floor Action; if passed, goes to President
5. President IF vetoed, veto message plus goes back to Congress for an override

Vetoes:

Override Debate:

Roll Call Votes
IF pocket vetoed, bill dies THOMAS and *CQ Weekly (online through various databases) as well as other news sources
IF signed, becomes law See legal sources below
IF not signed in 10 days and Congress in session, becomes law See legal sources below
6. Law Issued New Laws
United States Code
7. Regulations Issued by Executive Branch Federal Register (proposed and new)
Code of Federal Regulations





Who is Influencing Congress?
Journal and Newspaper Articles see list of links at top of the matrix
Political Parties
Committee Chairmen
Colleagues
Congressional Hearings ( Lobby Group and Executive Branch Testimony) Committee Web Sites and FDSys; also in Library Catalog
Executive Branch
Interest Groups
Campaign Finances
Public






Executive Branch Solutions
Solution Options Overview Journals see list of links at top of the matrix
Internal Change Program or Internal Procedure
New Regulation May be required by law or discretionary United Agenda (planned regulations) and Federal Register
Seek New Law Congressional Hearings Committee Web Sites and FDSys; also in Library Catalog
Budget Request Submitted to President and President to Congress
Grants Overall Funding Must Be Approved by Congress
Who is Influencing the Executive Branch? Journal and Newspaper Articles see list of links at top of the matrix
Executive Agency Staff
President
Budget
Interest Groups
Presidential Campaign Finances
Public
Monitoring Solutions Journal and Newspaper Articles
Congressional Hearings (oversight) Committee Web Sites and FDSys; also in Library Catalog
General Accounting Office Reports GAO Reports and Library Catalog
Agency Web Site
Statistics Government Statistics Sources

 

Louis J. Blume Library St. Mary's University
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